Economics

Dr. Smrutirekha Mohanty

Room No-04

NA

smrutirekha25@gmail.com

Dr. Mohanty is an Assistant Professor (Stage-I) at the Department of Economics, Ravenshaw University. Before joining Ravenshaw University, she served as an Assistant Professor at the Sardar Patel Institute of Economic and Social Research, Ahmedabad, during 2017-22. She was a Consultant at the Ministry of Commerce and Industry, Govt. of India, New Delhi, and was a Research Fellow at the National Law University, Delhi. She was associated with the Punjab Governance Reforms Commission in the capacity of a Research Associate in 2011. She was an Assistant Professor (ad-hoc) at the Department of Economics, College of Vocational Studies, the University of Delhi, in 2010. She obtained her PhD and MPhil degrees from the Centre for the Study of Regional Development, School of Social Sciences, Jawaharlal Nehru University, New Delhi. She also received the JRF and SRF fellowships from the UGC during 2008-2013. She obtained her M.A in Economics from Utkal University, Bhubaneswar. She completed one ICSSR research project and presented papers at national and international conferences. She has also rendered her professional services as a reviewer at international journals: International Journal of Educational Development (Elsevier) and Journal of Economics, Race and Policy (Springer). She had rendered her professional services as a keynote speaker, resource person and consultant at various organizations of national repute like Sardar Vallabhbhai National Institute of Technology, Surat; SPIESR, Ahmedabad and NUEPA, New Delhi. Recently, she co-ordinated a two-day national seminar on “Changing Characteristics of Indian Labour Market: Issues and Challenges in the Backdrop of Covid-19” (7-8 July, 2022). She has published her research in various SCOPUS-indexed and UGC-CARE-listed journals. Currently, she teaches Microeconomics and Introductory Econometrics to under graduate students at the Department of Economics.

1. “A Distributional Analysis of the Gender Wage Gap Among Technical Degree and Diploma Holders in Urban India”, 2021, International Journal of Educational Development, 80, 102322, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ijedudev.2020.102322 2. “Some Reflections on the Nature and Causes of Child Labour” (with Niti Mehta), 2020, Anvesak, 50(1): 1-24 3. “Public-Private Wage Gap in Indian Mining and Quarrying Industry” (with Chandan Kumar Mohanty), 2019, Margin: The Journal of Applied Economic Research, 13(2): 232-253. 4. “Gender Disparity in Employment in Odisha: Some evidence from NSS Data”, 2015, In: Rout, H.S. and Mishra, P. ed. Social Sector in India: Issues and Challenges. Cambridge Scholars Publishing, London. ISBN (10): 1-4438-7799-9; ISBN (13): 978-1-4438-7799-2. 5. “Importance of Household Characteristics Interlinked to Labour market in Explaining Poverty: A case study of Orissa” (with Chandan Kumar Mohanty), 2011, In: Sigamani, P. and Khan, N.U. ed. Reinventing Public Management and Development in Emerging Economies. Macmillan Publishers India Ltd. ISBN: 023-033-273-0.

  • Group
  • Research
  • Publications
  • Teaching

Primary: Labour Economics;

Secondary: Development Economics

About the Completed ICSSR Project: Drivers and Obstacles of Female Labour Force Participation and Structure of Wages

This study addresses three key issues. First, we explore the possible factors which are argued to be instrumental in influencing the level and pattern of female work participation. We specifically attempt to see how women belonging to different income categories are placed in terms of participation in work, quality of employment and their engagement in the industry of economic activity. Second, we identify the barriers that skilled female workers face in the labour market. In doing so, we contextualize the problem in urban India and evaluate the pay structure of male and female workers having technical qualifications. Third, we identify the barriers that unskilled female workers face in the urban labour market of India. For this purpose, we surveyed the workers engaged in construction activity in the urban areas of the Ahmedabad district in Western India.

Objectives

  1. To explore the possible factors which are instrumental in influencing the level and pattern of female work participation in India.
  2. To identify the barriers that skilled female workers face in the labour market. In doing so, we contextualize the problem in urban India and evaluate the pay structure of male and female workers having technical qualifications.
  3. To identify the barriers that unskilled female workers face in the urban labour market of India. For this purpose, we surveyed the workers engaged in construction activity in the urban areas of the Ahmedabad district in Western India.

Outcomes

  1. This study argues that the decrease in farm-related work due to increasing mechanization in agriculture is a plausible reason for declining female work participation rather than voluntary withdrawal from the labour market.
  2. In this study, we uncover the persistence of heterogeneity in the gender pay gap among the technically qualified workers in urban India. We argue that women with technical degrees face a sticky floor which has become even stickier between 2004-05 and 2011-12.
  3. In line with the findings of previous studies, our study re-confirms that pre-conceived notion of men co-workers and male employers emerge as an important source of marginalization of women construction workers and their ghettoization into low-skilled and low-paid occupations.
  • “A Distributional Analysis of the Gender Wage Gap Among Technical Degree and Diploma Holders in Urban India”, 2021, International Journal of Educational Development, 80, 102322, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ijedudev.2020.102322
  • “Some Reflections on the Nature and Causes of Child Labour” (with Niti Mehta), 2020, Anvesak, 50(1): 1-24
  • “Public-Private Wage Gap in Indian Mining and Quarrying Industry” (with Chandan Kumar Mohanty), 2019, Margin: The Journal of Applied Economic Research, 13(2): 232-253.
  • “Gender Disparity in Employment in Odisha: Some evidence from NSS Data”, 2015, In: Rout, H.S. and Mishra, P. ed. Social Sector in India: Issues and Challenges. Cambridge Scholars Publishing, London. ISBN (10): 1-4438-7799-9; ISBN (13): 978-1-4438-7799-2.
  • “Importance of Household Characteristics Interlinked to Labour market in Explaining Poverty: A case study of Orissa” (with Chandan Kumar Mohanty), 2011, In: Sigamani, P. and Khan, N.U. ed. Reinventing Public Management and Development in Emerging Economies. Macmillan Publishers India Ltd. ISBN: 023-033-273-0.

Microeconomics

Introductory Econometrics